International Workers’ Day — Workers Under the Pandemic
Each of us is an ordinary worker, shouldering responsibilities with both shoulders, paying tribute to responsibilities with sweat, and decorating the world with hard work.
The origin of International Workers’ Day
International Workers’ Day, also known as “May Day, is a national holiday in more than 80 countries in the world. It is set on May 1 every year. It is a holiday shared by working people all over the world. In July 1889, by The Second International, led by Engels, held a congress in Paris. The meeting passed a resolution stipulating that the international workers would hold a parade on May 1, 1890, and decided to designate May 1 as International International Workers’ Day.
Activities all over the world
Countries around the world generally hold corresponding celebrations. However, not all countries set May 1 as International Workers’ Day, and those countries that have celebrated “May Day” have very different ways and habits to celebrate.
Europe still celebrates May Day with demonstrations In Britain and Germany, authorities feared that demonstrations might lead to disturbances by anarchists. In Berlin, Germany, police and anarchists clashed in the middle of the night and several people were arrested. However, thousands of union activists marched peacefully through the city. In France and Austria, opponents of pension reform also took to the streets to take part in marches. From the news footage on Turkish state TV, the police beat the demonstrators with batons and pulled one of them away by the hair.
There are many parades, rallies, and entertainment. Since the establishment of International Workers’ Day internationally, Russia has always attached great importance to this special festival. On May 1st, Russia has a national holiday, and various celebrations and mass parades are held.
No celebration, no holiday.
The United Kingdom, France and other European countries have identified “May Day” as International Workers’ Day, many countries have a day off, and some countries have put the public holiday on the first Monday in May according to the situation. However, unlike most countries in the world, although Italy recognizes the “May 1st” International International Workers’ Day and the government expresses its respect for laborers, most people do not hold special celebrations and there is no national “May 1st” holiday.
Peru: The state stipulates that May 1st is the national International Workers’ Day, and the whole country has a day off.
The United States: The birthplace of International Workers’ Day is only “May Day” International Workers’ Day originated in the United States. In the 1880s, in order to accumulate capital, the American bourgeoisie brutally exploited the working class. They used various means to force workers to work for 12 to 16 hours or more every day. American workers gradually realized that in order to protect their rights, they must fight.
Since 1884, advanced workers’ organizations in the United States have passed resolutions to fight for the realization of “8 hours of work a day” and put forward slogans such as “8 hours of work; 8 hours of rest; 8 hours of entertainment! Workers create all wealth!”
On May 1, 1886, workers in Chicago went on strike. On that day, with Chicago as the center, about 350,000 workers across the United States participated in strikes and demonstrations, demanding improved labor conditions and the implementation of an 8-hour workday. The fight shook the entire United States. The mighty force of the working class united struggle forced the capitalists to make concessions, and this general strike of the American workers was victorious.
In July 1889, the Second International, led by Engels, held a congress in Paris. In order to commemorate the “May 1st” strike by American workers, the meeting passed a resolution to designate May 1 every year as International International Workers’ Day. Since then, workers’ groups around the world have held grand celebrations on this day, and many countries also have a day off.
In August 1889, U.S. President Benjamin Harrison signed the U.S. International Workers’ Day Act. The first Monday in September every year is designated as International Workers’ Day, and Americans can take a day off. People all over the United States generally hold various celebrations such as parades and rallies to show respect for laborers. In some states, people hold a picnic after the parade, with lively eating, drinking, singing, and dancing. At night, fireworks are set off in some places.
In the past, the above activities were mainly organized by the government, and the parade included representatives of various enterprises and institutions. In addition to the celebrations organized by the government, NGOs and labor groups with different political views will hold various celebrations spontaneously on this day. They can take this opportunity to fully express their political views and expand the influence of the organization. Generally speaking, the “May 1st” parade team first passes through the main streets and squares of the city, and finally holds large gatherings and celebrations in the ancient or wide central square. At the same time, various clubs all over Russia will hold rich and colorful entertainment activities, and the festive mood is high.
Japan: International Workers’ Day falls on the “Golden Week” Japan is a country with many festivals. There are many festivals around May 1, such as Arbor Day on April 29, Constitution Memorial Day on May 3, National Holiday on May 4, and National Holiday on May 5. Children’s Day, these holidays are connected together, generally Japanese have at least a week of rest, and the longest is even 11 days.
For the working class, the meaning of this long holiday is really unusual. Therefore, in Japan, the special celebration of International Workers’ Day is gradually replaced by the “May Day Golden Week”. And since April 29, Japan has entered the “Golden Week”.
Many hotels, hot springs and other entertainment facilities in Japan have put out various advertisements to attract tourists before the “May Day”, and the room price of ordinary hotels has more than doubled than usual.
On April 29, Japan’s Narita Airport ushered in the first peak of the holiday. More than 40,000 tourists went abroad from here on that day. It is expected that the airport will transport 810,000 passengers during the “Golden Week”. Many tourists choose to travel to Hawaii, Saipan, China and Southeast Asia.
Thailand first promulgated labor regulations in 1932, and subsequently designated May 1 each year as the national International Workers’ Day to reward hard-working workers. On this day, Thailand has a unified national holiday, and there will be related celebrations in the capital and some big cities, but the scale is generally not too large.
Known as International Workers’ Day on May 1, it is considered a paid holiday. Traditionally, the President of Egypt presides over official May Day celebrations in Cairo; due to the President’s case, under the 2011 revolution, as well as being controlled by the state to face corruption allegations, National Trade Union Center (Egyptian Confederation of Trade Unions), 2011 The festivities were organized by the Independent Trade Unions (United Egypt for the Independent Confederation of Trade Unions), for the first revolution since 1952.
In South Africa, a public holiday on 1 May every year since 1994.
Workers under the COVID-19 pandemic
Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, countless workers have dedicated themselves to the past and the future. They are ordinary workers who stick to their respective positions and work for the society to function. And this International Workers’ Day is their day. We should show our respect to them.
Originally published at https://www.tlw.com.