Global Report on Food Crisis — Severe Food Insecurity

Key data

Some 193 million people in 53 countries and territories will experience crisis-level or worse food insecurity in 2021 (IPC/CH stages 3–5), the report shows, an increase from the record number in 2020 nearly 40 million people. Of these, 570,000 people in Ethiopia, southern Madagascar, South Sudan and Yemen are particularly vulnerable with catastrophic levels of food insecurity (IPC/CH Phase 5), requiring urgent action by the international community to avoid widespread collapse of livelihoods , starvation and death.

Roots of the food crisis

These disturbing trends are the result of a combination of factors, including conflict, environmental and climate crises, and economic and health crises driven by poverty and inequality. Conflict remains a major cause of food insecurity. The Russia-Ukraine war has exposed the interconnectedness and fragility of the global food system, and global food and nutrition security will be severely affected. The report pointed out that the countries most affected by the war in Eastern Europe are those countries already facing severe hunger, mainly because these countries are highly dependent on the import of food and agricultural production materials, and will bear the brunt of the global food price increase.

Paradigm shift

The European Union, FAO and WFP, founding members of the global network, along with USAID and the World Bank, said in a joint statement to be released this week: “The current situation requires large-scale action, a shift to a comprehensive Preventive, predictive and more targeted approaches to sustainably address the root causes of food crises, including structural rural poverty, marginalization, population growth and fragile food systems.”

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