Beginner’s Guide to Gardening
Gardening has become an important part of daily life. Studies have shown that gardening can improve your mood, reduce stress, and reduce the risk of dementia. Gardening outdoors and proper sun exposure can also supplement the elements needed by the body. Gardening is not only good for physical and mental health, but it also adds beauty to your home and community. However, if you are a gardener for the first time, this task may be a bit daunting — what plants to plant, when to plant them, and how to take care of them after planting them? The content of this article is a beginner’s guide to gardening, so that you can easily get started and enjoy the happy time of being a gardener.
1. Determine the location
First, choose an excellent area in your yard to ensure that there is plenty of sunlight. This may be along the perimeter of the home, driveway, or sidewalk. You can also build a garden island in the middle of the yard. At this stage, pay attention to sunlight patterns, which areas get the most and least sunlight, and test your soil acidity.
2. Draw the garden layout
Choosing plants: the key to a successful garden is planning. Once you have determined the area where you want to grow plants, you can consider what plants you want to grow. Take arbor as an example. It is a fast-growing shrub. Knowing this, you won’t put petunia and other plants behind your arbor because they will be blocked. The same is true for vegetable gardens. If you want to start a vegetable garden, consider building or buying a cedar cultivation bed. Cedar is the material of choice because of its natural resistance to corrosion and insects. It is recommended that the garden be exposed to the sun for more than 8 hours a day — the more the better. Measure the width and length of your garden bed according to the type of vegetables you want to grow-one square foot per plant is a good rule of thumb, although the requirements for specific plants may be different. In short, determine the plants and make a plan accordingly.
3. Decide when to plant
Seasonality is an important part of gardening. It will affect how long the plant can receive sunlight and when it will bloom. When buying plants, the following are some key words you need to know:
Perennials: perennials grow every spring and usually have a short flowering period.
Annual plants: annual plants have only one growing season and then die, but have a longer flowering period.
Shady plants: plants that grow well under full shade need to be protected from the sun, and it is best to keep them away from the afternoon sun (the morning sun is usually not so harsh).
Partially shaded plants: partially shaded plants are plants that require two hours of direct sunlight every day, or at least half a day of direct sunlight.
Partial sunshine for plants: partial sunshine means that plants need three to six hours of direct sunlight a day, and partial sunshine means that plants need more sunlight and are more resistant to heat.
Sufficient sunshine: plants that say “full sunshine” on the label need at least 6 hours a day, the more sunshine the better.
4. Leveling the land
Grading the soil means leveling the land to prepare it for planting. This process requires digging a few inches down to remove roots, turf and rocks to form a garden bed. Once it’s done, whether you do it yourself or hire a professional, you can use an anti-weed agent to clean up the weeds. Then put the plants in pots, follow the original plan and their respective needs, and then start planting them. We recommend breaking down the roots a little to help growth. Next, you can spread the cloth to further prevent the growth of weeds. The thicker the material you choose, the harder it is for plants to pass through the barrier. Last but not least, it is time to lay your stone or covering.
5. Consult a professional gardener
Gardening, especially for novices, can be overwhelming. Therefore, when in doubt, we strongly recommend consulting a professional. Consult with local professionals and they will recommend the most suitable plants to grow based on your land layout, soil acidity, climate and aesthetics.
Originally published at https://www.tlw.com.